We will explore various ways to install Python and related tools on a Windows OS. We will start with installing Python onto Windows command and how to start a Virtualenv session. We will explore how we can use Docker containers to run Python on Ubuntu from a Windows OS.

Install and configure Python

To install Python onto Windows using the following link:

Python Release Python 3.7.3
The official home of the Python Programming Language

Verify that Python is installed correctly by querying the version using the below command. If you encounter '''Python' is not recognized as an internal or external command ..." while using the CMD command line, check that python is part of the Path environment variable.

python --version
"python --version" in command line window followed by opening the Python terminal.

Installing Virtualenv

To obtain an isolated python environment install Virtualenv using python's package management system known as PIP (source). The following command shows how to install and create an isolated environment:

python pip install virtualenv
virtualenv target_directory
source /target_directory/Scripts/activate.bat
Navigate to the files generated by Virtualenv

Using Docker

The DockerFile below is used to create an environment for running Python. The file uses a base Linux (Ubuntu) image with Python installed. The pip.conf file defines custom repository locations used to retrieve python packages.


FROM ubuntu
VOLUME ubuntu_content
COPY content /ubuntu_content

RUN apt -y update 
RUN apt-get -y update
RUN apt install -y python3
RUN apt install -y python3-pip
RUN apt install -y virtualenv
RUN apt install -y wget

RUN mkdir ~/.pip/
RUN cp /ubuntu_content/pip.conf ~/.pip/pip.conf
RUN pip3 install --ignore-installed --no-cache-dir <python_tool_name>

RUN wget https://<url_to_executable_python_tool>
RUN chmod u+x /<python_tool_name>
#RUN /<python_tool_name> "$@" --outputDir="/ubuntu_content" && source

Below shows a script used to build the DockerFile:

Screen showing script used to build Docker image.